I have just updated to newest Ubuntu. Here are some points of interest:
- Thes removed the shutdown option from system menu. You now HAVE to use the stupid applet. IS this a GNOME or an Ubuntu decision. Personally i dont like this applet for shutting down. I always used the system menu. The applet looks so similar to the pidgin icon. Argh how stupid can programmers be? That would be a reason to dump GNOME. You should not remove essential stuff
- Flash does not work in Firefox and Epiphany
- I cant installe epiphany-webkit
- the volume ruler now is horicontal. Is this better? and he did crash
- The messaging (if you change volume, network is connected, etc.) now has a black background
- totem does not play videos and crashes
- monitor settings look much better. need to test it with my beamer.
- btw. the gnome 2.26 news again sound silly at least in german like:
- “GNOME’s web browser, Epiphany, gains an exciting new feature of an improved location bar, similar to the Awesome Bar popularized by Firefox 3.0.” – well Epiphany had this address bar BEFORE Firefox – it might have added searching the titles also – but what kind of GNOME marketing is that?
I am sure there is more to say. Why dont I file bug reports. Because I have lots of outstanding bugs that are undecided ot disputed so I know it does not make sense to submit new bugs. Its more likely that somebody reads this review and acts uppon that as that anybody really cares about new Ubuntu bugs from my experience. Thats sad but its true. That does not mean people do not work on bugs in Ubuntu – but they tend to either fix clear bugs or dismiss anything they dont get. Like the Evolution guys who still have crappy spam marking options. I did file a bug in GNOME bugzilla years ago but they still think spam handing is not important. That was the single reason for me to switch to Thunderbird.
As I wanted to (for the first time) convert an MP4 video to a patent free version with OGG Theora I found that the solutions is simple. There is a command line tool “ffmpeg2theora” for Unix systems. This is part of “OggConvert” and sure is available for many Unix based operating systems.
I started “GNU Screen” from command line which enables me to close the terminal at every point without ending the conversion process. This is often smarter than using some GUI tools which might break more easily. With this process you can even reset your session without stopping the conversion. I then just typed “ffmpeg2theora filename.mp4” and it will produce a file named “filename.ogv”.
What I just describes is no magic at all, but plain and simple.
Again Why Theora?
Because Theora is patent free. So nobody who is watching the file will ever need a license to play it. You should consider using Theora. Firefox 3.5 will support playing it without any plugins! Its the new free video standard of the internet.
I have read the comic about Googles new chrome browser and I must day I am impressed. It targets some points I like to see in browsers:
- They call it “omnibar” – others say Opera was the first – personally I know it from Epiphany for ages – and Epi still is ahead in the implementation because it includes search engines also.
- Google Chrome also has tab completion for search engines. Personally I think this is smarter than Epiphanys solution – also Chrome fetches the search engines automatically if you visit a site. That may be difficult if there is more than one search box, isnt it?
- Starting with last visited pages is not nice. I dont want anybody tht I show my browser to see exactly which pages I visit most often and so give him an insight about my preferences. This is a privacy issue in my view. I think organizing that in some kind of menu or my recalling adresses also in respect of how often they are visited would be smarter.
- The ‘incognito window’ allows me that everything I browse in that window not being saved (no history, etc.). Good idea!
- Popups banned to the tabs they come from – yeah. nice.
- The security model is smarter than what we had before
- A crashing plugin not being able to crash the whole browser would be a great accomplishment. As this is one reason i cant use Epiphany nowadays – because Adobes closed source flash player constantly crashes it. You know that flash nowadays really is on nearly every page – so that happens quite often – how I would love open source flash plugins to become a perfect alternative. Then bugs would be fixed finally.
- Chrome downloads malware sites. So this is kind like the adblock lists available? If so, thank you and this can be incorporated into other browsers, too
All in all I think this is a nice thing. There are some other important points, too such as a focus on stability and a fast javscript engine – but thats not really my focus. Why does Google do that? I think that Google has hoped that other browsers would become more capable and that this did not happen fast enough and so they decided o take WebKit and make it even better, just like Apple did with Safari. Again a lesson in Free Software. Where this will end up is that these browsers will gain something:
- Konqueror uses KHTML, WebKit comes from KHTML. I guess it will use webkit as default in the future, also.
- Safari as it uses Webkit from beginning or better Apple forked KHTML to do WebKit.
- Epiphany as it will switch to WebKit
- Some mobile browsers like for Google Android and Nokia stuff (Nokia bought Trolltech who build Qt. And Qt is used to make WebKit)
Mozilla has lost the support of many projects who were using the Gecko engine or where evaluating it. As far as I understand those projects felt that Mozilla cared more about Firefox and Thunderbird and so they had some bugs open in the rendering engine which they then handled in the interfaces rather in the engine itself – and that Gecko was more complex to use.
I have seen that myself – when you try to build Epiphany and have a constant problem with the XULRunner component (compatibility issues).
So I am seldom critical to what Google does, because I always thought what they did had a good quality. I now have tested Yahoo search for a while because it is default for firefox search in address bar – but the results are essentially worse. And I dont know of any other viable alternative. And this has been going on for years. Google also has made some smart moves in business like Gmail, etc. where they essentiall daid that disk space should not be an issue and invested some time to make the interface smarter than general web based mailers. In the end Google often wins because their results or products are better.
I agree that they are too dominent now and I would love to see more competitors – but those now are just too greedy and too silly. Google can be beaten for sure – they are also humans (at least I think so, LOL) . There is a lot potential in the web – Some years ago, before Google hit the search engin scene there were actually different search engines you could select from. Today i still only use Google, because I like to get the best result of what I intend for my search. if other search engines would try to do that they would become better, also. But essentially most others try harder in selling ads first and funnily thats why Google earns more money than those others. I think that only Open Source can stop Google -and I even think that Google would not see this as competition. Google already has moved into different fields and soon the search technology will not be the heart of their business. It was just the one thing they were the best in the world and what everybody needed and wanted. So I see the point where Google might even open up the code of their search engines – not soon though. I dont have an overview of where they earn the most but think that still the search engine is too essential for them to share much of the knowledge?
As Epiphany on Ubuntu constantly crashes with Flash I needed to go back to usage of Firefox. Its so complicated t use, although it partly has added some Epiphany features like when you type it searches in your bookmarks – what Epi providied since ages. I still dont have illigent search like on Epi where I type a word and then could select a search engine to use. Is there a way to get such search in Firefox, also.
I recently had huge problems after the adblock-plus package got updated – some weird installation error and adblock plus got deactivated – I guess this one problem you get if the core plugins (anybody out there who can live without adblock plus?) are not distributed and manage by the core team. I have deleted these files in my firefox directory: “extensions/*, pluginreg.dat”. That allowed me to install the newest Adblock Plus 0.7.5.5. again. Weird but ok. Problem is that no general user may ever come to this solution. Those who cant handle might be better off when the save all bookmarks to desktop or so - exit FF – then remove .mozilla/firefox directory and recreate a Firefox profile by start it again – the reimport bookmarks.
I use this post to just list some hints how insecure Firefox can get:
Some other things I like to critisize:
- This is a good thing: Actually FF now uses Epiphanys model of accessing (via “Smart Location bar” ) bookmarks – bookmarks, tags and history are searched while you type. Also bookmarks now get tags instead that they are stored in folders. Whats funny about that is that this was one of the major reasons to use Epiphany – so now FF uses that, too – Whats bad about that? Nothing much, just want to mention that Epiphany had that since MANY years
- “Organic software”? WTF? One essence of open source software is not think your users are stupid. Firefox thinks people think organic food is nice and so they do want organic food for their computers. Well… its just nonsense, this kind of “microsoftic” “aollike” marketing. If you dont want smart people to use your browser tell us in clear words!
I must say maybe Epiphany was not able to continue its road of inventions and rather made solid new releasesm while some problems were still in place. But I still prefere Epiphany as it seems to me lightyears ahead in simplicity. And now that Mozilla does this promotional shit I have lost my last hope that Firefox might once be either unified with Epiphany or better than Epiphany.
I think one problem FF faces is FeatureCreep. I personally dont think fewer features are always good. But if software is build to get more features in it always gets messy.
Also read another criticism with another view: “What have I got against Firefox 3?” from Nanci Barthelmess
In a senseless effort Mozilla Corp. wants people to download Firefox 3 as much as possible. This does mean that many people might just download Firefox a lot of times, just to set a record. I think this is VERY STUPID. First of all it means you can forget about making anything of the download counts. If some people may download FF3 100 times you can not assume that it is really used that many times. IT just says NOTHING. Then it is produces a load in the internet and slows down some connections that are not that well equipped than others. And why all that? Just for an entry in the Guinness World Record Book? This is harmful for the net and contradicts every kind of open source advocacy so far.
To stop this kind of behaviour I therefore declare Firefox 3 as harmful and uncool and call evrybody to spread the word. Use alternatives like Epiphany or Konqueror or Opera but do not use FF3, deinstall it and tell them WHAT YOU THINK: worldrecord At mozilla.com .
Firefox btw. has many security issues. People download random plugins which interact unpredictably against each other and so Firefox can be coinsidered to be as insecure as the Internet Explorer or maybe worse, because you dont know who really wrote the code you just install.
So far, none of the bugs I have reported seemed to have been really touched – we dont even have to talk about resolving. One bug is really severe. I must say that this is the worst bug response reaction I have experienced on any distribution so far. Is this because there are so many bug reports? I dont know. But sure enough i will have to switch the distro if my notebook keeps crashing multiple times a day. This is because I will get a data loss at some point. I would have installed OpenBSD if this would also provide flash playing ability. I hate that situation. i think flash is evil – OTOH flash works really well on Linux and also on Linux it is a nice replacement for other proprietary formats. am sure technically it would just work with Linux emulation. I got it partly working with Opera+Flash once. But then again, I dont like Opera because its ugly and proprietary.
But I think I will install OpenBSD on the notebook anyway, soon. I dont see any benefit in running Ubuntu for me personally, any more. I generally like Ubuntu because it has made a free operating system more popular and it gives a common user base from which one can build on. But something like a freeze is a bug that needs to be resolved and if this bug is still untouched and not even decided if its serious or not – than actually there is no support and i can not expect that anybody will EVER touch this bug. As I am working daily with this notebook I can not risk on loosing the data. This troubles started with the last upgrade. That brought a finally stable working wireless but then this freezes.
Another annoying bug is that the mouse displays weirdly and does not react any more. I then solve it with pressing like: ALT+F8 and ALT+F7 and the display gets redrawn and the effect is gone. I now have seen that I can get this every so and so seconds if I use EOG to view images (not so much with gthumb, though). This bug is also untouched still.
Ubuntu is not the only distro that doesnt resolve issues. But for me, personally these bugs are not acceptable any more. I dont demand a resolution NOW or SOON, but I demand a reaction on serious issues.
I get the impression that on Linux you see really a lot of changes in packages – like Ubuntu and Fedora (Update: The information that Foresight also already uses FF3 was wrong! my fault! Sorry for misinformation!) using FF3 beta with the effect that many web designers cant use Linux any more if they depend on extensions that arent ready for FF3. Its like partly they dont really care about the user. its some kind of overpopular. So popular so that you dont care about single issues. OpenBSD supporters often dont react positive to criticism and requests but I think they would never replace FF with a new version that degrades the functionality out of the respect for users who depend on some functionality. I would consider this to be more user friendly than the actions on the Linux side. And thats what actually brought me to OpenBSD: If I use my computer I like it to provide a given functionality also on the next day. I also like new functionality and new software – but I the prefer to rather compile experimental stuff myself or get into ports/package building.Mostly I should be satisfied with what a distribution provides me and which was good some weeks ago – or is good enough for all other users. I now think the “latest and greatest” is for developers.Linux distributions that give that to users actually do something what Microsoft or Apple does to their users: make them public beta testers. The problem is that there is never and endpoint where you can say: Now Linux is stable – development goes on and on and there is no time to breath. And at some point one can get tired of all the new stuff that is not working. I still cant say that all that is bad. Linux is a testbed for new GNOME stuff for instance. This means OpenBSD can wait an learn from what they do. I am not sure if this helps getting some stuff faster into OpenBSD. I think some technologies depend so much on Linux that OpenBSD cant really follow and that if some stuff would be build with the existence of OpenBSD in mind a lot of stuff would be much faster also be available in OpenBSD (like NetworkManager).
Right now I cant really help building ports for OpenBSD because I dont want to use my working OpenBSD productive desktop as the basis (which I rather maintain with snapshots). I have asked some people via IRC and mail to give me advice on how to set up a build system additionally but havent got any responses so far. So any advice here would also be welcome. I know the tutorials but thats not the question. The question rather is: How can one make a build system that doesnt conflict with a stable OpenBSD installation? is it enought to have some kind of chroot environment to build packages and then install these testwise on the stable system? or would I need a dual boot installation? How do you manage this? What options do I have?
I have taken a deeper look into Ubuntu. Those are some things I find weird:
- Firefox is the default browser. I think this is ugly, but anyway… if you try to install Epiphany the problem is you can only install Epiphany without the extensiosn via the graphical installer. As this is the suggested method this means that most users wont ever be able to have adblocking and other cool extensions that come by default with the browser. Its really funny, because I know a lot of people who dont like Epiphany because it doesnt have all those nasty little extensions – but they dont see how elegant it is. Its potentially VERY fast and gives you a whole lot of good extensions that dont exploit your system. On Firefox you never know what you get when you install random extensions from the web. Actually their plugin system fails to be as secure as it needs to be. I have seen people with about 50 plugins that are partly incompatible. People dont think. If you allow people to install all kind of crap, they will do so – and then it doesnt make much difference if the core would be secure. As long as the browser doesnt give me some core and secure plugins it doesnt really provide me the needed functionality. Thats why I am really advocating Epiphany. Konqueror might have been some similar advantages, but I havent looked at it that much.
- One of the most important feature for users like me who came from the Mac was that the upper right corner in GNOME also had the application switcher menu. Ubuntu chose to replace it with the “Leave” button (to log off, shutdown, restart). So this had two disadvantages: a) One of the most important menus is gone and b) People levae the desktop instead of switching – also this makes the GNOME desktop work very different on Ubuntu than on standard GNOME, VERY fatal. I suggest to change that.
- the small trash on the lower right is just too small to be used effectively . When shall I use that one? Why should the desktop only contain icons of the user? I agree that the common desktop concept has a problem which is mostly this: The desktop can only be seen fully when the user hasnt any applications open. But OTOH a small trash is very hard to use especially for children, old people or people with disabilities.
- There are no icons on the default desktop. Which leaves the user to only use the menu. Why is the desktop user switcher on my default? I would think that 99% of all desktops are only used by one user – and as space is valuable this applet wastes space.
- There is no system tools sub menu. Where is gconf-editor? Not only did the gconf-editor make it hard to find some settings, now Ubuntu also hides the editor and makes it even harder to tweak settings. Um, why?
- Still my Ralink RT61 wireless connection drops all the time (without NM realizing this). This is extremely annoying this happens with WEP as well as with WPA. On Foresight Linux this only happened with WEP.
- The messages NM posts to the log are not very informative compared to Foresight so I cant really help debugging. Has anybody disabled some debugging in the Ubuntu package?
- Synaptic opens too much windows and is complicated to use. It also doesnt help the user to install the right packages. It tries to help, but it also lacks a lot of packages.I think PackageKit looks much more promising and I hope Ubuntu will pick this in the future.
I will keep testing Ubuntu in this notebook, because we will have an install event at the end of march. And there is really no alternative to use Debian and Ubuntu. Foreisght? Sorry, you still havent enought localization support and also many things dont work, like you can only scan images in one resolution (FL-825). Fedora? Sorry but as long as the community policy is not going to change that is not up for discussion? Gentoo? Nope, not for newbies! OpenSuse? That might be an alternative, but nobody know would like to help installing that
I think for a local LUG there is no other option than the combination Debian & Ubuntu für install fests. There could be many others but all I have looked at so far decided to make things harder. “PClinuxOS” might make some sense. I have seen it installed and it has a nice configuration center. But it also had weir weirdnesses. But I could imagine to install and test it at least.
Remember: If we help installing we want people to be able to ask others or come back to us. So we wont pick any esoteric Linux, even if it would be better. Unlessthe majority in a LUG is convinced that this is the best.
My big hope was that Foresight would rise, would have good hardware support (scanners, cameras) and localisation by now. But all my core points werent worked on. I am still sad about this fact, especially because I think I will never love Ubuntu. Ubuntu is just like the big elephant you cant ignore. And this means also that it really doesnt matter if ots providing good software. I think if it brings people to Linux it is good. People can then switch later if they want. People will think its good as it is trendy. So the marketing still works.